DICTIONARY 0 - 9


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4 leaf Clover See Four-leaf Clover.



7 Society See Seven Society.



969 Movement The 969 Movement, a Burmese/Myanmar nationalist organisation opposed to the Islamic expansion in predominantly Buddhist Burma, is thought to have been founded in 1999.  The three digits composing the number ‘969’ symbolise (a) the virtues of the Buddha, (b) Buddhist practices and (c) the Buddhist community -- the first 9 represents the nine special attributes of the Lord Buddha, the 6 stands for the six special attributes of his Dharma, (Buddhist Teachings), and the final 9 characterises the nine special attributes of Buddhist Sangha (monastic community).  Those special attributes are the 'Three Jewels of the Buddha'.

Its teachings are rooted in a traditional belief in numerology.  Across South Asia, Muslims represent the phrase ‘In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate and Merciful’ with the number 786, and businesses display this number to indicate that they are owned by Muslims.  969's supporters apparently view this as a Muslim plot to conquer Burma in the 21st century, based purely on the premise that 7 plus 8 plus 6 equates to 21.  The number 969 is intended to be the cosmological opposite of 786.

Various media organisations have described the movement as being anti-Muslim or Islamophobic, but its Buddhist supporters deny this, with the ordained nationalist Burmese Buddhist monk Bhikkhu Ashin Wirathu (born 1968), the movement's leader, stating it is a protective movement concerned with targeting Bengalis who are terrorising ethnic Rakhine (Buddhists).  Wirathu is regarded as 969's highest protector, of whom it has been reported that he advocates the boycott of shops owned by Muslims; despite this Wirathu has stated that the movement has been treated as a scapegoat by being unfairly blamed for events like the 2012 Rakhine State riots (a series of conflicts primarily between ethnic Rakhine Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims in northern Rakhine State, Myanmar, and maintains that, "969 is not violent."

The Asia Times Online, a Hong Kong based English language news website, has described him as a 'complex figure who demonises Muslims, but also protests police violence'.  The Straits Times (an English-language daily broadsheet newspaper based in Singapore) reported that 'Bhikkhu Wirathu responded to recent anti-Muslim violence with pledges to work for peace', although critics remain sceptical.




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