ENGLISH FOOTBALL LEAGUE (EFL)


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English Football League (EFL)

The English Football League (EFL) is a league competition featuring professional football clubs from England and Wales.  Founded in 1888 as the Football League, the league is the oldest such competition in world football, and was the top-level football league in England from its foundation until 1992, when the top 22 clubs split away to form the Premier League.  The English Football League is also the name of the governing body of the league competition, and this body also organises two knock-out cup competitions, the EFL Cup and the EFL Trophy.  The operations centre of the Football League is in Preston, while its commercial office is in London.  The commercial office was formerly based in Lytham St Annes, after its original spell in Preston.

The three leagues below the Premier League are known as the Championship, League One and League Two, normally with 24 clubs in each division (72 in total).  In the 2019-2020 season, League One was reduced to 23 following the expulsion of Bury.  Promotion and relegation between these divisions is a central feature of the League and is further extended to allow the top Championship clubs to exchange places with the lowest-placed clubs in the Premier League, and the bottom clubs of League Two to switch with the top clubs of the National League, thus integrating the League into the English football league system.  Promotion and relegation are determined by final league positions, but to sustain interest for more clubs over the length of the season one promotion place from each division is decided according to a playoff between four clubs, which takes place at the end of the season. It is therefore possible for a team finishing sixth in the Championship or League One, or seventh in League Two, to be promoted rather than the clubs finishing immediately above them in the standings.  Although primarily a competition for English clubs, clubs from Wales -- currently Cardiff City, Swansea City and Newport County - also take part, while in the past Wrexham, Merthyr Town and Aberdare Athletic have been members.

Clubs gain three points for a win, one for a draw, and none for a defeat.  At the end of the season, clubs at the top of their division may win promotion to the next higher division, while those at the bottom may be relegated to the next lower one. At the top end of the competition, three Championship clubs win promotion from the Football League to the Premier League, with the bottom three Premier League clubs taking their places.  At the lower end, two League Two clubs lose their Football League status with relegation to the National division of the National League, while two teams from that division join League Two of The Football League in their stead.

Division
Promoted Directly
Promoted via Playoffs
Relegated
Premiership
N/A
N/A
Bottom 3 Clubs
Championship
Top 2 Clubs
One from 3rd to 6th-place
Bottom 3 Clubs/td>
League One
Top 2 Clubs
One from 3rd to 6th-place
Bottom 3 Clubs
League Two
Top 3 Clubs
One from 4th to 7th-place
Bottom 2 Clubs

The Football League was associated with a title sponsor between 1983 and 2016.  As this sponsor changed over the years the league, too, has been known by various names.  Starting with the 201617 season, the league has moved away from having a title sponsor, rebranding itself as the EFL, in much the same way the Premier League is known as the 'EPL' internationally.

2019 - 2020

Two teams were relegated from the football league to non-league football, i.e. the Vanarama National League, at the end of the 2018 - 2019 season:

Yeovil Town
Notts County

While two others were promoted from non-league football to replace them:

Salford City
Leyton Orient

The following are the crests and names of the football clubs in the EFL for the 2019-2020 season.  Note that although Bury FC is included in the list, this club was officially expelled from the league at the start of the season.

Accrington Stanley
Division One
Arsenal
Premiership
Aston Villa
Premiership
Barnsley
Championship
Birmingham City
Championship
Blackburn Rovers
Championship
Blackpool
Division One
Bolton Wanderers
Division One
Bournemouth
Premiership
Bradford City
Division Two
Brentord
Championship
Brighton & Hove Albion
Premiership
Bristol City
Championship
Bristol Rovers
Division One
Burnley
Premiership
Burton Albion
Division One
Bury
Expelled in 2019
Cambridge United
Division Two
Cardiff City
Championship
Carlisle United
Division Two
Charlton Athletic
Championship
Chelsea
Premiership
Cheltenham
Division Two
Colchester United
Division Two
Coventry City
Division One
Crawley Town
Division Two
Crewe Alexandra
Division Two
Crystal Palace
Premiership
Derby County
Championship
Doncaster Rovers
Division One
Everton
Premiership
Exeter City
Division Two
Fleetwood Town
Division One
Forest Green Rovers
Division Two
Fulham FC
Championship
Gillingham Town
Division One
Grimsby Town
Division Two
Huddersfield Town
Championship
Hull City
Championship
Ipswich Town
Division One
Leeds United
Championship
Leicester City
Premiership
Leyton Orient
Division Two
Lincoln City
Division One
Liverpool
Premiership
Luton Town
Championship
Macclesfield Town
Division Two
Manchester City
Premiership
Manchester United
Premiership
Mansfield Town
Division Two
Middlesbrough
Championship
Millwall
Championship
MK Dons
Division One
Morecambe FC
Division Two
Newcastle United
Premiership
Newport County
Division Two
Northampton Town
Division Two
Norwich City
Premiership
Nottingham Forest
Championship
Oldham Athletic
Division Two
Oxford United
Division One
Peterborough United
Division One
Plymouth Argyle
Division Two
Port Vale
Division Two
Portsmouth FC
Division One
Preston North End
Championship
Queens Park Rangers
Championship
Reading FC
Championship
Rochdale AFC
Division One
Rotherham United
Division One
Salford City
Division Two
Scunthorpe United
Division Two
Sheffield United
Premiership
Sheffield Wednesday
Championship
Shrewsbury Town
Division One
Southampton FC
Premiership
Southend United
Division One
Stevenage FC
Division Tw0
Stoke City
Championship
Sunderland AFC
Division One
Swansea City
Championship
Swindon Town FC
Division Two
Tottenham Hotspur
Premiership
Tranmere Rovers
Division One
Walsall FC
Division Two
Watford
Premiership
West Bromwich Albion
Championship
West Ham United
Premiership
Wigan Athletic
Champinship
Wimbledon AFC
Division One
Wolver'ton Wanderers
Premiership
Wycombe Wanderers
Division One




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